San Pedro de Atacama
This little town is full of archaeological interests in the middle of the Atacama Desert. You should probably have the Atacama Salt Flats on your to-do list, but there’s also an amazing array of other natural wonders nearby. You’ll find most of them in the Los Flamencos National Reserve, which houses a variety of landscapes and incredible flora and fauna.
Try moonwalking at the Valley of the Moon, one of the driest places on the planet. You can also see the Death Valley and the Cordillera* de la Sal, a highly recommended excursion. Head to Cejar Lagoon, where the high concentration of salt will let you float without efforts, just like in the Dead Sea!
You can also visit the high altitude Altiplanic Lagoons (Miscanti and Miñiques). If you are keen to get a better view of the landscape, this part of the Andes has the highest peaks in the country, with a long list of mountains or volcanoes to climb. The El Tatio geysers will shock you with huge spurts of boiling water, but if you feel more like relaxing, check out the Puritama Hot Springs.
Make sure you go and visit some of the pre-Hispanic villages like Toconao, Caspana and Chi-Chiu.
Other interesting historical sites include the Tulor Ruins, Pucará de Quitor, the church at the main plaza and the Padre Le Paige Archaeological Museum.